Crown VictoriaPolice Interceptor
|Manufacturer||Ford Motor Company|
|Also called||Ford Crown Victoria P71|
|Assembly||St. Thomas, Ontario Canada|
|Body style(s)||4-door sedan|
|Engine(s)||4.6 L Modular V8|
|Wheelbase||114.4 in (2906 mm)|
|Length||1992.94: 212.4 in (5395 mm)
1995.97: 212.0 in (5385 mm)
|Width||77.8 in (1976 mm)|
|Height||1992.94: 56.7 in (1440 mm)
1995.97: 56.8 in (1443 mm)
|Fuel capacity||20 US gal (76 L; 17 imp gal)|
Mercury Grand Marquis
Lincoln Town Car
|Engine(s)||4.6 L Modular V8|
|Wheelbase||114.7 in (2913 mm)|
|Length||212.0 in (5385 mm)|
|Width||2007: 77.3 in (1963 mm)
1998.2006: 78.2 in (1986 mm)
|Height||1998.2003, 2007.present: 56.8 in (1443 mm)
2002.04: 58.3 in (1481 mm)
|Fuel capacity||19 US gal (72 L; 16 imp gal)|
Mercury Grand Marquis
Lincoln Town Car
The Crown Victoria Police Interceptor (often referred to simply as CVPI or P71) is the law enforcement version of the Ford Crown Victoria. It is one of the most widely used automobiles in law enforcement departments of the United States and Canada.
Though the name has been officially in use since 1992, the 1978.91 full-size LTDs and LTD Crown Victorias and 1992 updated body style used the "P72"
production code designation for both fleet/taxi and police models. From 1993.98, the police car models of the Crown Victoria were officially known as
Crown Victoria P71s. The current generation of the car was introduced in 1998.
Due to the workhorse nature of the vehicle, is also used by many taxi companies. Since Chevrolet dropped the rear-drive Caprice, Ford has had a near-monopoly on the market for police cruisers because of a preference for its conventional rear-wheel drive, V8 power, and body-on-frame construction, all suitable for police driving techniques. As one of the few remaining passenger cars using body-on-frame, it is rugged and enables inexpensive repairs after minor accidents without the need to straighten the chassis . an important benefit for a car frequently used by police forces for PIT maneuvers (ramming a car to spin it out) . making it preferable to unibody vehicles.
Although the Police Interceptor is not sold to the general public, these cars are widely available on the used car market in the U.S. and Canada once they are no longer in service for law enforcement or fleet duty. These cars come equipped with a heavy duty transmission, heavy duty brakes, and a 250 hp (190 kW) engine. Used Police Interceptors are normally stripped of any police decals, radio and computer equipment, and emergency lights by law enforcement agencies before being sold or auctioned.
The 1998 model year was an upgrade in body styling over the previous 1992.97 "aero" Crown Victorias. Critics weren't fond of the 1992's solid grille
insert (with the blue "Ford" oval) front end. In the 1993 model year, the Crown Victoria was given a chrome front grille and a reflector strip
between the taillights. Another minor restyle followed suit in 1995, with a new grille and taillights. To accommodate the design of the 1995's new
taillights, the rear license plate was moved from the bumper to the trunk lid, fitted between the taillights. The 1998 police package P71 had a
chrome grille, chrome door handle trim, chrome bumper strips, and a chrome-trimmed flat black rear fascia with the "Crown Victoria" badge.
The changes made in 1999 included a new "Police Interceptor" insignia on the rear fascia, a chrome-trimmed gloss black rear fascia, black door handle trim, black bumper strips, and a gloss black slatted grille.
Midway through 1999, the taillights were also changed. 1998 and early 1999 models had a separate amber turn signal along the bottom edge of each taillight housing. Starting in mid-1999, the extra bulbs were eliminated and the turn signals returned to the combination stop/turn setup with red lenses found in many North American cars. Interestingly, although the lenses changed, the housings didn't; they still had the chambers for the separate turn signals that early models had. These chambers were now empty, however, leaving a perfect place to install strobe tubes in police cars that would not affect brake or turn signal visibility.
For 2000, the rear fascia and taillights lost the chrome trim, and the gloss black grille was dropped in favor of a flat black slatted grille. Further refinements were made in 2001, including removal of all trim on the plastic bumper pieces and a new honeycomb-style grille, replacing the slat-style grille as is found on previous Crown Victorias and CVPIs.
2003 brought a minor redesign. The interior door panels and seats were freshened, with side-impact airbags becoming an option. The 2001.06 CVPIs all look the same on the exterior; the way to tell the 2003+ cars from the 2001 and 2002 models is by looking at the wheels. The suspension, brakes, steering, and frame all were redesigned for the 2003 model year. Because of the new underpinnings, the wheels for the newer cars have a much higher offset. They look almost flat, compared to the concave wheels on the older model years.
The 2004.present Police Interceptor is rated for 250 hp (190 kW) because of the addition of a new air intake system. This includes a new airbox that resembles the Mercury Marauder airbox (raised airbox lid, deeper bottom), with an integrated 80 mm (3.1 in) mass airflow (MAF) sensor that is part of the airbox lid. This allows for much more precise flow calibration and reduces the chances of air leakage. The P71 zip tube (the flexible rubber hose between the throttle body and MAF outlet) is also used to reduce NVH (noise, vibration, and harshness) as well as transfer air from the airbox to the throttle body with minimal flow resistance.
One can easily spot the 2005 model year from its rear-fender-mounted whip antenna on the passenger side. This is the only year that the 1998+ CVPI had an external AM/FM antenna. Previous years and the 2006 model all have the antenna mounted in the rear glass.
Standard on the 2006 is a redesigned instrument cluster, which now sports a tachometer, digital odometer with hour meter and trip meter features, and cross-compatibility with the civilian version's various features (these are normally locked out, but can be accessed through wiring modification). Kevlar-lined front doors, which might be useful as protective barriers during gunfights, are optional on the Crown Victoria Police Interceptors for the 2006 Model Year.
For 2008, the Crown Victoria is restricted to fleet-only sales, and all Panther-platform cars are now flex-fuel cars. The CVPI receives some interesting new options, such as the ability to have keyless entry. Presumably, this feature was added because the Chevrolet Impala Police Sedan has had keyless entry as an option since its inception.
For the 2009 model year, the CVPI now has power pedals as standard equipment. Standard equipment across the entire Panther line is side impact airbags and new federally mandated recessed window switches. The CVPI also received upgraded brakes for 2009, although specifics about them are not available. The confirmation flash that occurs when the doors are locked is now automatically disabled when the Courtesy Lamp Disable option is ordered. The confirmation flash was considered to be a safety issue because the lights would flash when the officer exited the vehicle and locked the doors, potentially giving their presence away at night. No other appreciable changes have been noted yet.
There are few notable differences between the Police Interceptor and standard Crown Victoria. Both cars use the same Flex Fuel 4.6L 2V SOHC V8, Ford Modular engine, and Ford 4-speed automatic transmission.
The easiest way to distinguish most P71s is the small "Police Interceptor" badge that replaces the standard "Crown Victoria" markings on the trunk
lid, although the Street Appearance Package Police Interceptors forgo the badge, using the standard Crown Victoria marking. However, the Police
Interceptor badges are now available for purchase online, so this identifying technique is not as reliable as it once was. The only completely
infallible way to identify a Police Interceptor is to look for the code "P71" in the VIN.
Police Interceptors will have the characters "P71" as the model code in the VIN, instead of P70 (Stretched wheelbase), P72 (Commercial Heavy Duty/Taxi), P73 (Base), P74 (LX), or P75 (1992 Touring Sedan).